The welfare of the citizens is determined not only by economic policies at the country level, which implicitly bring economic comfort for everyone, and social policies that are meant to “protect” all social classes, regardless of origin or age.
Alexei Repede, AOAMP president: “Like any other state in the world, the Republic of Moldova has a socially regulated and theoretically oriented system for the good of the citizens, but the question that arises in this context is about the efficiency of the system and of the social measures or rather, about their inefficiency. Looking around us, we realize how affected people in the cities and villages of Moldova are. The difficulties they face on a daily basis are not found in the stubborn agendas of the governors, regardless of their political color.”
Even if we often find ourselves in the middle of debates about how best to protect or care for vulnerable social groups, rarely do we see small progress in this area, progress that comes as a result of the consolidation of civil society, not the state.
Statistical data reveals a situation that should alert us:
- 682 thousands of registered pensioners (with the exception of the employees from the law enforcement agencies), who receive a monthly average pension of 1.643,72 lei or a minimum pension of 1.025,00 lei, while the minimum existence for one person is 1.891,00 lei ;
- 128 thousand pensioners with disabilities registered in 2018;
- 264 thousands (~ 9.7% of the population) citizens are at risk of poverty, according to a study conducted by UNDP in 2015;
- 613 thousand citizens are officially salaried, these being the ones who provide the pension system;
- 31 de aziluri de bătrâni, care se află într-o stare precară și care nu fac față numărului de bătrâni care au nevoie de un loc de cazare, iar cele 75% din pensiile bătrânilor cazați direcționate pentru cheltuielile necesare în aziluri, nici pe departe nu sunt suficiente.
- 31 nursing homes that are in poor condition and can not handle the number of old people who need a place of accommodation, and 75% of the old-age pensions paid for the necessary asylum expenses are not enough.
Alexei Repede: “The inequality between the social classes in the Republic of Moldova is increasing and the socially vulnerable persons are not adequately supported by the state. The daily problems that they face are avoided by the political class. Government spending must be done in such a way as to bring about a multiplication effect for all citizens. The ignorance towards those who are socio-economically vulnerable, is reflected in the high degree of abandonment of the school by children, the high rate of alcoholism, especially in rural areas, abandoned houses, children and old people who cannot afford daily food.
The question that the decision makers have to ask is how do we mitigate these differences and how do we help this population group in concrete terms? The government should direct a larger percentage of the budget to meet the needs of people in nursing homes, and especially in children’s orphanages. Why can’t we build an efficient donation system whereby economic agents could channel some of their income to an asylum or an orphanage? Those who are in these placement centers need so much our support and attention, I emphasize – the attention and the support not only on the eve of the electoral rolls …
My conclusion is that even if the state through the competent bodies and institutions is the one responsible for the welfare of these more disadvantaged social categories, we cannot count on their support…”